What is All The Fuss About
5G will change everything. 5G will change how people use and communicate with technology. It will change how different technologies communicate with each other. All this will take place faster and more reliably than ever before. Mobile internet will be faster than ever. High bandwidth and low latency will transform whole industries through new ways of connecting production processes and products. 5G specs are straightforward:
- Mobile-broadband: Lightning fast, 20Gbps(4G: 500Mbps). Users can play multi-player VR games and 8K video on mobile in the move.
- Low latency: 1ms (4G: 50ms) latency and ultra reliability. 1ms latency enables the remote precise steering of robots (car, boat, plane, construction robot, emergency robot, war robot)
- Massive IoT: 1M (4G: 100k devices) device connections per square km, high energy efficiency. A large industrial plant can base IoT on top of 5G. Stadium events can offer enhanced experiences for spectators.
5G Brings a Paradigm Shift
5G will recode the whole concept of mobile connectivity. 5G brings a new-market disruption, which opens a completely new blue ocean of opportunities. 5G pushes industries to seek entirely new use cases for connectivity. 5G offers a completely different performance. Throughput, efficiency, latency, reliability and device density are way beyond what earlier technologies have been able to offer; High speed, low latency, power efficient and cheap.
5G also pushes a shift from hardware business to software business. With 5G, IoT, Big Data and Artificial Intelligence, the differentiating factor will be software capabilities. New capabilities are all about thinking outside the box. Ingenuity regarding what can be done with technologies, and how they can be applied to solve tomorrow’s challenges. This is a crucial mindset, not just within the telecommunications industry, but across every technology-related industry.
Software has a potential to grow the Telecoms business with double digits.
– Bhaskar Gorti, President of Nokia Software
5G Changes also the Operator Business
Currently, operators charge customers a fee for using their pipeline. 5G will enable new ecosystem structures and monetization strategies. From a technology standpoint, 5G impacts virtually every component of the mobile network in some way. Currently, it is hard to define precisely what a 5G network really is, as each network will be different from the next, both in form and function. While one network is used as a low-latency coverage for autonomous transportation, another may be used for an affordable gigabit internet of citizens.
5G goes beyond the regular operator business; it’s a business revolution.
– Borje Ekholm, Ericsson CEO
5G enables operators or network service providers to shape their offering. This will create a completely new ecosystem, while operators are able to offer additional value in the form of innovative use cases. Operators will shift from the current man-in-the-middle to true innovative ecosystem partners. This creates the opportunity and challenge: Operators must be able to develop the underlying payment, partnership, and interoperability systems that will allow a 5G ecosystem to be monetized and to flourish.
Industry 4.0 vs 5G
5G goes beyond the path that 4G/LTE and any generation of cellular technologies went through; It’s more about enabling services. Industry 4.0 refers to the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The Fourth Industrial Revolution is now upon us. It is a fusion of fast technological breakthroughs in physical, digital, and biological spheres. Technology breakthroughs in fields such as 5G, the Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, Analytics, Artifical Intelligence and Robotics are significant in their own right, but when combined, we are talking about the enormous benefits of Industry 4.0. The key to achieving the potential of Industry 4.0 is a collaboration between stakeholders from (traditional) industries and technology partners. This requires a new agile mindset and cultural shift.
IoT could also mean seamless critical and elderly care.
– Rajeev Suri, Nokia CEO
The Internet-of-Things (IoT) is where devices such as industrial sensors connect to the internet and to each other. This is already happening on existing 4G networks and the technology is being used everything from hospitals to industry. 5G helps the evolution of IoT by improving the interaction between different platforms as well as enabling more devices to become connected. Possible future applications include real-time health monitoring of patients, optimization of street lighting to suit the weather or traffic; environmental monitoring, smart agriculture and industrial automation, autonomous traffic, etc. 5G enables remote-anything. Industry plants, construction robots, mining systems, oil platforms, traffic management all can be run remotely. No need to have high-performance computing power at the target device. A connection is the only thing needed.
Because of the high frequency, 5G does not penetrate building walls well and can also only travel short distances in the air. Therefore, it will most probably only be utilized in really dense population areas. For the same reason, much of the industrial IoT still runs on top of the 2G network because of good penetration, low price and low power consumption. If talking about simple monitoring, you cannot look past LoRa and other similar long-range technologies.
6G is Coming
While we are still wondering what 5G will change, the technology manufacturers are already preparing for 6G.
I want 5G, and even 6G, technology in the United States as soon as possible.
– Donald J. Trump, The President of the United States
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Wow, what a weekend! First, our team won “Hackers against exclusion” challenge at Ultrahack and after that Finland won the world ice hockey championship! Ice hockey is cool but you don’t win a hackathon every day so let us tell more about that now.
Our team “Positive Impact AI” Aapo Tanskanen, Milla Siikanen, Janne Högdahl and Eija Vaittinen hadn’t ever participated in any hackathon but the important topic of social exclusion of young men sounded interesting for us so we applied to Ultrahack at the very last minute. We didn’t quite know what to expect nor did we have any ready-made solutions. We did brainstorming beforehand, had tons of different ideas and arrived at the event venue on Friday afternoon packed with excitement, open-minds and eagerness to hack the whole weekend.
According to the Finnish National Institute for Health And Welfare, men especially have problems with e.g. alcohol, lack of education and unemployment which can lead to social exclusion. How could we utilize AI to prevent exclusion among young men? This was the task set for the hackathon by VAKE, Ministry of Finance and a few other authorities. Our team wanted to tackle this issue by utilizing our diverse backgrounds and know-how from data science, chatbots and service design.
At first, we were planning to do data analysis (e.g. clustering) to identify different groups of young men who are excluded or are at risk of getting excluded, to understand different and unique reasons for exclusion and to try and predict those. However, we didn’t have data available for the analysis during the hackathon so we had to pivot quickly.
The material we got indicated that there are many social inclusion services available in Finland. However, after trying to find specific exclusion related public services by ourselves, we realized it was very difficult for us and most likely it is even more difficult for our target group. So we decided that this could be a good problem to solve in the hackathon: how can we match the right person with the right service? The solution we came up with was an AI chatbot that talks with the person analyzes their needs, and suggests suitable services from different sources that could help this individual. Thus, we started developing a few different realistic user stories and the chatbot which would match the needs of the user to available public services. For the hackathon MVP solution, we chose three tracks in which our chatbot was focusing on: unemployment, mental health and loneliness.
During the Saturday morning, we were able to create a demo chatbot focusing on the loneliness track. The conversational chatbot asks (in Finnish) some basic things about the user and then can recommend hobbies and events based on the user’s interests by utilizing the City of Helsinki’s APIs.
During Saturday afternoon we rehearsed our solution pitch with the Ultrahack judges and mentors and got feedback on how we could develop our solution further before Sunday’s final pitch. During Saturday evening and Sunday early morning we developed other demos where the chatbot focuses on the mental health track and can recommend suitable public services from Suomi.fi API based on the analysis made from the user’s responses.
Video of the second demo chatbot
Before Sunday’s final pitch we also further developed our concept in the bigger picture to plan how our solution could properly be developed in the long term after the hackathon weekend. The plan included steps like data gathering and analysis to make our chatbot smarter and user studies with our target group to make sure that the bot is user-friendly. At the final pitch, Milla Siikanen delivered an excellent pitch clearly showcasing our solution, its value and the future plan. The judges seemed to be interested in our solution but we weren’t quite sure how well we did because there were also other really good teams with solutions like helping gamers realize and promote their really valuable work-life skills learned from gaming.
After the final pitches, we had a little time to relax, chat with other teams, consume energy by jumping and eagerly wait for the announcement of the winners.
Much to our surprise, we heard the name “Positive Impact AI” announced as the winner of the Hackers against exclusion challenge and wild celebrations started!
The top three teams in Hackers Against Exclusion challenge (Image by Vedran Brnjetic)
After wild winning celebrations, we barely had energy left to smile
I say: UUUUUULTRAAAA!! you say: HAAAACCKKK!!!
Ultrahack was the first hackathon for all of us and it really left a positive impact on us. The hackathon was really well organized, the event venue was great and there were food, snacks and drinks available during the whole weekend, not forgetting relaxing morning yoga on Saturday (this was super!). Big praise for all the smiling Ultrahack crew members and volunteers behind the event! After this hackathon, we will definitely attend other hackathons.
Morning yoga was essential to energize our hands for hacking (Image by Vedran Brnjetic)
We cannot wait to develop our solution further, hopefully, make it a reality in the near future and make a positive impact by preventing the exclusion of young men!
Businesses must adapt, learn and transform faster than ever to make the most of the changing digital landscape. Gofore helps take on this challenge: together we harness design principles, strategic thinking and rapid execution to create new value and competitive advantage.
Diagram 1: Gofore works on all levels of the business
Gofore helps with creating 5G
In the Telecom sector, Gofore has successfully helped clients to enable the infrastructure for 5G and the Internet of Things to transform the human experience – globally. Gofore has enriched software development to support proofs of concept and content creation for delivering services provided by innovative solutions, such as AI, analytics, machine learning and big data.
Alongside strategic thinking and technical expertise, Gofore has brought Agile and Lean coaching to the table. “We have integrated into existing strategy work with our iterative approach. We see that strategy is about fast paced delivery, the ability to scale with the help of standardised practises and building a learning organisation. We continuously analyse change to find useful patterns to apply to software development. Our goal is to focus on what could be as opposed to what is”, comments Juhana Huotarinen, Agile Transformation Advisor at Gofore.
Juhana Huotarinen on stage, walking through the Agile transformation ideology
Feedback from one of our global market leading clients says: “For us, it has been important that Gofore has been fully committed and accountable for what we are aiming to achieve. Our collaboration with Gofore is transparent, committed, accountable and supportive. Specifically, we are very satisfied with the Agile methodology and technical expertise Gofore has brought.”
In practice, Gofore planned and coordinated a new multi-disciplinary, multi-team, multi-site high performing transformation program including Agile coaches and software specialists. This was achieved largely by creating a permissible culture which encourages collaboration and self-learning. The core competence of Gofore is to make complex things straightforward. Whether that means complex business, organization or technical challenges.
The First Steps of Transformation
We are now starting to see commercial 5G networks scaling up for transforming business and delivering better customer experience. Previous wireless technologies were about connecting people. The new characteristic of 5G is that it has all the ingredients for automating business processes and it is a great technology for business transformation. There surely are challenges to tackle in how to build the capacity in a dynamic and flexible way, how to address operational inefficiencies by leveraging automation/AI and how to increase revenue growth by means of service differentiation and the ability to leverage partners’ ecosystems. Not only with bleeding edge software, but with enabling agile strategy and culture.
Have you taken the first steps to transformation?
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This blog post is part of our Recoding Society blog series started by Mikko’s blog ‘Creating a positive impact’. The series highlights the impact our work is having on Society. We have identified several challenges we are helping organizations and citizens to overcome, and in this series, our experts share their thoughts featuring real projects one theme at a time.
One of the challenges identified was a question relating to empowering people and organizations. How can this be done? In this blog I first deliberate about the term “empowering”. What does this actually mean? Then give some examples of activities which I believe demonstrate developing empowering solutions.
Creating services that are beautiful
Empowering as a term is quite dated however, understanding exactly what empowering entails is still not straightforward. I conducted a small study using a group of my friends. First, I asked, “what does empowering people mean to you”. I got a wide range of answers starting from “nothing really” to “feedback from other people”, “inspiring growth stories”, “a thing that gives me energy”, “seeing confident people” and so on but nothing really what I was expecting as an answer. This made me feel a bit frustrated. Why are we using this word since it is clearly understood in so many ways? To me, empowering people means creating services that are beautiful and easy to use and that deliver on (or exceed) the users’ expectations. So I carried on and asked next “what kind of services make you excited” and I got answers like “simple, easy to use”, “UI is easily read”, “able to use my information from several different sources”, “a service that makes me feel it has been developed for me and not for the organization”. These answers resonate with me and I can link them to my work. I can also link them to the ever-evolving world of services.
So, I guess it’s fair to say that even after a very small and by every aspect, not scientific study that a definition for empowering is difficult. It has been defined as an activity stating a concrete action where one authorizes, permits or warrants someone to do something, but often it’s more complicated. Empowering sometimes means that one ends up making someone (else) stronger, better in control of their life, more confident, happier, and so on ( source ) And when we start to get terms like these, we get close to personal feelings and experiences, but we also start comparing to a reference group which further complicates the definition. My final point here being that when we design empowering digital solutions, we must be super conscious not to get cocky, not to think that we know, but rather to be very alert of the things that we simply do not and cannot know (on behalf of others).
What do we do then when amongst all the other important requirements we also need to take account of empowering people and organizations when designing digital solutions? This sounds like an almost impossible task. How can you figure out different things that will have a meaningful, positive, sustainable, ethical and legal impact and that are also empowering different aspects of our quality of life? Luckily this is a question that we are not trying to solve alone.
Using AI and data in an ethical way
In Finland, the preliminary study on the Aurora national artificial intelligence program worked on how cross-organizationally by using AI in an ethical way, completely new services which come close to people’s life events can be developed. Empowering people by enabling easier access to more suitable services was at the heart of the pre-study. Experts from Gofore participated in ‘Moving to a place of study’ and ‘The well-being of children and parents in changing family relationships’ projects.
The MyData movement works rigorously “to empower individuals with their personal data, thus helping them and their communities develop knowledge, make informed decisions, and interact more consciously and efficiently with each other as well as with organizations” (source:mydata.org). Gofore is a member of MyData Global as we believe in the same mission to empower individuals by improving their right to self-determination regarding their personal data.
Already up and running in Finland, we have our very own Kanta-services where we as citizens have access to our health and prescription data and the professionals always have up-to-date patient data. Kanta-services are a huge step towards even more empowering services in the welfare sector. Much like AuroraAI, Kanta services are developed by a wide variety of operators including Kela and THL but also users and IT system developers. This demonstrates how the public and private sectors when working towards common goals and including the users, can create something completely new. Gofore is one example of a private sector company involved in Kanta-development.
Recently there was much debate and even heated discussion around the secondary use of health and social data. Despite the discussion, a separate law was approved by the Finnish Parliament on 13.3.2019 making Finland a forerunner in enabling innovative and ethical use of data. In a nutshell, this law will level up the market for health and social services by making it possible to use data for steering, supervision, research, statistical analysis and development. In other words, this new law simply empowers organizations and companies providing health and social services to develop the market more equally.
Through programs like AuroraAI and movements like MyData plus concrete projects like Kanta, which are pioneering, I believe that significant and sustainable improvements with even deeper and wider impacts than merely empowering individuals or companies will happen. It makes me very happy to be able to say that Gofore is participating in all of the activities described in this blog.
Did you know that the first ever webpage was completely responsive by default? And then we broke it with overcomplicated customizations. (Accessibility, Back to the Future | Bruce Lawson | Monki Gras 2019)
A bit about Technical debt of the HTML standard
Use semantic tags to communicate meaning instead of for presentation purposes
HTML elements are chosen by what the content is – not by their appearance. Simply put, HTML semantics are HTML tags that have a meaning.
<p> <h1> <form> <input> <textarea> <label> <select> <button> <blockquote> <q> <code> <em> <strong> <pre><sub> <sup> <table> <thead> <tfoot> <th> <td> <header> <nav> <main> <article> <section> <aside> <footer><address> <time> <data> <cite> <del> <ins> <abbr> <dfn> <figure> <figcaption> <kbd> <var> *<b> *<i>
* semantic in HTML5 (for ensuring accessibility use <em> and <strong>)
Common tags that don’t include semantic meaning in HTML are <div> and <span>. That doesn’t mean that they couldn’t have some semantic meaning in visual user experience or cognitive accessibility.
When we think about creating a webpage or a webapp we should be thinking about communicating. The visual appearance is a separately defined part of the result. A semantic HTML-page is providing meaningful information to the browser and other clients like screen readers, search engines and developers analyzing the source. So semantics go far beyond how the content looks on a page. The browser agent creates the basic visuals based on the semantics. It is common in today’s real world that the visual design needs to be something completely different from what the browsers default to. We can use technical languages, tools and libraries to get the desired visual styles. We can also just reset them to always behave in the same way. Don’t use HTML-tags in an HTML document (or layout and view of a webapp) just for their common display properties. Remember to separate that from your ideology and just think first about the semantic structure.
Prevent the most common mistakes – use CSS to modify visual appearance.
- Don’t use <h1> – <h6> -elements for text sizing.
- Dividing content with <div>’s says nothing about the structure or why contents are in separate containers.
- Only <li> -tags are allowed to be the direct descendants (rendered content) of <ul> or <ol>.
- <blockquote>, <ul> or <ol> should not be used for indentation.
- Don’t define margins and padding (spacing) with semantic HTML e.g. <p> </p>.
- <table> element represents tabular data not layout. Use <div>’s and <span>’s to implement visual layout and styling.
Authors are strongly encouraged to view the div element as an element of last resort, for when no other element is suitable. Use of more appropriate elements instead of the div element leads to better accessibility for readers and easier maintainability for authors.
It is worth mentioning that you cannot escape understanding the basics by using libraries and frameworks. Even Semantic-UI – advertised as using concise HTML – still has notable ongoing issues with accessibility. Wouldn’t you think it is also misleading to be called a fullstack developer or a web developer if you don’t know how to create a basic HTML document?
The key to Accessibility
The first key to accessibility – and even to user experience for people with disabilities – is learning to use semantics.
As a developer, you should be more focused on writing semantic HTML documents – not CSS (and creating a proper Design System so the developers can just stop writing custom CSS). Semantic HTML improves the readability of code – also closing tags tell you what they are closing. Understanding a new codebase can be easier if it uses the standards.
Maybe I should make sure that others can also see how I think of the content.
How about we make the web a bit more equal?
Spend a few moments during the Global Accessibility Awareness Day on May 16th 2019 learning and sharing the basics for accessible software development.
So how do you start? All the information needed is available for everyone on the wild wild web, but one of my favourite sites for related information is MDN Web Docs.
Tampere, Finland, May 02, 2019 — Gofore, a Finnish digitalisation specialist with international growth plans, today announced that it has joined the Google Cloud Partner Program as a services partner giving Google Cloud customers the ability to benefit from Gofore’s cloud capabilities.
Google Cloud Platform is the 3rd big cloud provider Gofore has partnered with (AWS, Azure and now GCP). We’re proud to be GCP’s 8th partner company in Finland. This bolsters Gofore’s standing as a leading Cloud Platform consultancy company.
As a Google Cloud partner, Gofore offers customers consulting services no matter what their technology is, whether moving to a cloud system, or planning and building their own cloud infrastructure. In addition, we provide reliable service management on different platforms.
Key features of Gofore’s cloud offering include:
- Agile Application Development with modern tools and technologies
- Cloud consulting in all aspects of the cloud
- User training, workshops
The Google Cloud Platform brings many benefits to our customers including:
- A truly global private network
- Great developer experience (When asked, most developers would prefer to use GCP for their new projects)
- Google Cloud is the clear leader in the AI, ML and container market space
- Saving costs utilizing the performance and scalability of the Cloud
- A data centre in Finland for lower latencies for our clients in Finland
Whether you need help with Big Data and creating Data Pipelines, software development, lift and shift or creating cloud infrastructure, Gofore has your back. We have over 7 years of Cloud experience delivering complex customer projects and creating value for our customers.
“Gofore is excited to join The Google Cloud Platform Partner Program. This partnership allows us to expand our proven expertise in the Cloud, bring the benefits of Google Cloud Platform and provide additional value to our customers.”, said Timur Kärki, CEO, Gofore.
Recently in Finland, we had a general election, this made me think about my country. Who we are, why we are what we are, and what will become of us? If I had to name one and only one thing that describes it, I would say it is equality.
Here in Finland, the concept of equality is a value that we strongly cherish. Throughout history, Finland has been a country where at the end of the day the differences between people have been small. We have a history of being a poor country, often beaten by others. Here the wealth and income differences amongst people have been small. Some lucky ones may have had two horses, while everyone else has had one. That has been pretty much it as far as wealth differences go.
We know things are changing. So, how do we ensure that people are equal not only today but also tomorrow and in the days to come?
I think there are few things that lay solid foundations for the equality of people. I am ready to claim that without them; inequality will raise its ugly head and bring back the hardships we have seen in the past and that we want to avoid in the future.
Equality, Democracy, Education and Access
Democracy and the equal right to vote are no brainers. I do not even need to mention them.
After democracy, the first one is treating people the same way regardless of their sex, colour of skin, age, shape or any other quality. We are all human beings and are to be treated as such.
Then there is the idea of education. We Finns value access to education. The more you know, the less you can be fooled. The more you know, the better you understand the world around you. And the better you understand the world around you, the better you can contribute to the welfare of others.
Third, no one is to be left behind. An equal society takes care of its every member. Access to health care and social security is guaranteed. Those who have resources are happy to support those with lesser strength. An equal society has a safety net to catch those who fall.
Fourth, everyone has equal access to information, knowledge and public services. A civil servant in an equal society is happy to walk the extra mile in order to ensure that everyone is considered. I know this for a fact as I have witnessed it to happen many times. I have faith in our civil servants.
There are many things that matter. Yet, I want to raise one more thing. It is the belief that at the end of the day, after all, is said and done, we all believe that the neighbour comes with good intentions. I call it trust.
So, why do I write about equality and what do I mean by the above? I have been with my current employer since 2012. During these years I have worked on many projects with the public sector that include these topics and they have contributed to greater equality. My previous projects have covered voting, education, social security, ensuring comprehensive access to public services for all, plus, many more. And all this in an environment where everyone assumes good intentions and treats each other in an equal manner.
You can call me naïve or idealistic I do not care. Instead, I care about the fact that we all are equal in an equal world. And that is what we need to work for. I feel privileged to work for a company that creates a positive impact and to have contributed towards the open and equal society that we enjoy in Finland today. As Gofore expands internationally my hope is that we can share some of our experiences to help other societies in their quest for greater equality.
Positive impact examples
Here are a few examples of Gofore projects in Finland which have a significant impact on people’s lives:
- suomi.fi service family that allows equal access to public services and transparency to data government holds on individuals.
- ePerusteet service, which provides a basis for efficient and transparent education planning
- Pre-study for Internet voting: how feasible is Internet voting for the Finnish democracy?
- Työmarkkinatori, which provides efficient access to employment opportunities for unemployed people
- and many more…